January 25, 2021. The European Biogas Association (EBA) is launching an enhanced edition of the EBA Statistical Report. This publication features the most recent data and statistics on the development of the European biogas and biomethane markets, as well as potential growth forecasts for the coming years. It also investigates the state of play of 19 national markets in Europe.
The sector now produces 167 TWh or 15.8 bcm of biogas and 26 TWh or 2.43 bcm of biomethane. At the end of 2019, it has reached a total of 18,943 biogas plants and 725 biomethane plants across Europe. These figures show that biogas and biomethane can contribute very substantially to the much-needed decarbonisation of the gas sector, making renewable gases available for transport, industry and heating.
The biomethane market continues to grow significantly. Biomethane production in 2019 increased by 15% relative to the previous year, the biggest increase in biomethane plants to date. France is leading the development of the biomethane market with over 1,000 biomethane injection projects at different stages of development in the country. Europe has seen a rapid year on year increase in biomethane production capacity and so far this growth shows no sign of slowing down. In 2019, the largest increase since 2014 was reported, with an additional 0.39 GW for that year. A clear trend is visible in feedstock usage for biomethane production: 2013 saw the beginning of a move away from energy crops, towards agricultural residues, bio- and municipal waste and sewage sludge. From 2017, almost no new plants were established to run on energy crops.
In addition to the analysis on the state of play of the biogas and biomethane markets, for the first time, the EBA Statistical Report has summarized the growth potential for biogas and biomethane according to different studies. There is a strong consensus that by 2030, the biogas and biomethane sectors combined can almost double their production and by 2050, production can more than quadruple. The potential biogas and biomethane production calculated for 2030 could reach up to 44 bcm, equivalent to 467 TWh.
The implementation of the EU Green Deal will be a determining factor in shaping the role of biogas and biomethane in future energy systems, and this report correspondingly includes an incisive analysis of the impact of key EU policies on the scale-up of the industry. The vast potential of biogas and biomethane goes beyond the reduction of emissions in the energy sector. For this reason, the 2020 edition also covers the positive impact of biogas and biomethane on the development of a thriving bioeconomy. On the innovation side, the 2020 edition looks at what is currently one of the most promising areas of growth in the sector: the production of Bio-LNG and Bio-CNG.